Would you prefer to know extra about Jamaican tradition, traditions and heritage? My household and I went to Jamaica to immerse ourselves within the wealthy and vibrant great thing about the island. It has a vibrant historical past that makes them stand out as a nation.
Jamaica sits within the coronary heart of the Caribbean. Identified for his or her music, meals and historical past. Their flag symbolizes and represents the nation by its colors:
Yellow – signify the sunshine and the pure wealth of the nation.
Inexperienced – represents hope and the pure great thing about the nation.
Black – represents the artistic and passionate folks of Jamaica.
Throughout our journey to Jamaica, I realized about and skilled the superb and wealthy Jamaican tradition. Let me share with you the issues that I’ve realized whereas exploring the cultural capital of Jamaica, Kingston.
The Mockingbird Hill Hotel organized a historic music tour of Kingston with Amilcar Lewis and Philipp Lobban of Backayard Magazine. We additionally did the Jamaican Tradition and Heritage tour in Kingston with Olde Jamaica Tours additionally organized by the Lodge Mockingbird Hill.
Historical past and Arts
Throughout our go to to Kingston, We went to the Institute of Jamaica to see the galleries on the origins and historical past of Jamaica. It was actually attention-grabbing to study concerning the historical past of Jamaica, the New World and the darkish colonial instances.
The Nationwide Gallery of Jamaica shows a beautiful assortment of work, murals and sculptures of various Jamaican artists. Visiting the gallery is a good way to grasp and respect Jamaican tradition.
The primary inhabitants of Jamaica, The Tainos, named the nation as “Xaymaca”, which meant the land of wooden and water. They have been believed to be the Arawak Indians from South America, who migrated to the Caribbean round 650 A.D. They constructed their communities and agriculture was their most important livelihood.
We additionally paid a go to and respect to the notable leaders and personalities of Jamaica on the Nationwide Heroes Park. We have been in luck to fulfill Ms Sarah Manley, the daughter of the previous Prime Minister of Jamaica Mr Michael Manley.
In the course of the time of exploration to find new lands and constructing empires through drive and slavery, Jamaica was additionally held captive by invaders. The historical past of Jamaica through the colonial instances was a darkish time and gloomy.
The Spanish occupation
In 1494, through the time of the explorations, Christopher Columbus sailed west to discover a path to India by crusing to the west, and located the Caribbean and known as it the West Indies.
He landed in Discovery Bay, Jamaica with the intention to assert the island and restore his vessel. The connection between the Spanish and the Tainos was not simple and easy.
Resistance to the occupation was current, however the Spanish succeeded to take and declare the island. The Spanish City was the capital of Jamaica and was the centre of the Catholic religion on the island.
The Tainos have been enslaved, captured and ultimately almost worn out by the ailments carried by the Spaniards. The Spaniards introduced the primary inflow of captive Africans as their slaves to the island.
The British occupation
In 1655, the British invaded Jamaica with the assistance of the buccaneers. They managed to take management of the island from the Spaniards. The preventing between the British and the Spaniards gave a chance to the plantation slaves to run away and search for shelter within the mountains.
They, afterward, known as themselves the Maroons. The British occupation additionally introduced the Slave Commerce within the Americas and the Caribbean from West Africa.
The British abolished slavery all through the British empire on 1833. Jamaica has been part of the British Empire for 307 years. On 1962, Jamaica lastly had their Independence from the British occupation to have its personal authorities.
Maroon got here from the Spanish phrase “cimarrones” which implies “mountaineers”. The Maroons are the slaves who escaped the plantations through the invasion of the British to occupy Jamaica.
They went to hunt refuge within the thick forests and mountains of Jamaica so their earlier masters couldn’t comply with them. The Maroons made their very own settlement within the mountains and lived as free males and established their very own legal guidelines.
Presently, the Maroons are a revered and unbiased group in Jamaica. They nonetheless have autonomy as much as this date inside their very own group.
Port Royal was as soon as thought of the “wickedest metropolis on earth”. On the fringe of Kingston was the notorious metropolis of the buccaneers, the place the true pirates of the Caribbean dominated and plundered galleon ships and ransacked villages and islands.
The town was crammed with brothels, taverns and the ill-gotten wealth of the pirates. The British requested the buccaneers to assist ceased the Spaniards and in return, the Buccaneers wished to make use of Port Royal as their hub.
Within the devastating earthquake of 1692, the vast majority of Port Royal was claimed and submerged underneath the Caribbean sea along with their plundered gold and different treasures.
Religion and Religions
Catholicism was launched by the Spaniards and the Church of England (Anglican) was launched by the British. Judaism can be a identified faith in Jamaica, introduced over by the Jewish refugees who stayed on the island.
Rastafarianism is the one that basically caught my consideration throughout our go to to Jamaica. The king of Reggae Music, Bob Marley is likely one of the well-known Rastas (An individual who practices Rastafarianism) and he helped to unfold the preachings of the faith and H.I.M Haile Selassie I by his songs.
Rastafari is a younger faith that originates in Jamaica through the Thirties. They’re extra socially accepted now than earlier than. Rastafari is generally known as Rasta, Ras or Natty.
Rastafarianism is now a non secular sect that’s revered and recognised world wide.
Jamaican Meals and drinks
A go to to Jamaica received’t be full with out attempting their native and conventional Jamaican meals and drinks. Jamaican food is understood for its scrumptious Jerks, goat curry and patties to call a couple of.
Ackee & saltfish is likely one of the most cherished dishes in Jamaica, which is usually served with callaloo, fried plantain, dumplings, bammy and rice & beans.
Blue Mountain espresso is likely one of the most costly and best coffees in the world. Solely grown within the Blue Mountains of Jamaica! For all of the espresso lovers on the market, I would like not clarify how good and engaging this espresso is!
Jamaica is understood for his or her greatest rum and the overproof rum leads the scene on this class. A normal rum will vary from 80 – 100 proof, however the Overproof rum is starting from 125 – 160 proof!
Jamaica is an English-speaking nation. The locals additionally use their native Jamaican Patois or Patwah. Patwah is principally a language derived from the English language with an affect from Central and West African dialects or phrases.
Pattern Jamaican Patois phrases:
Wah Gwaan = Greetings that actually translate as “What’s occurring?” or “What’s up?”
Yahso = proper right here
Irie = Rastafarian time period to explain when one is feeling good; every little thing is alright
likkle = little or small
raggamuffin = a insurgent or rugged trying
pickney = kids
Again a Yard = used to confer with anyone’s hometown or nation.
Huge Up = give respect
A effectively – celebrated competition and parade in Jamaica and in different Caribbean islands through the Christmas period. A combination of West African and English influenced this vibrant and vibrant competition.
It started again within the colonial time when the slaves received a break day engaged on the plantation to have fun Christmas.
Accompong Maroon Competition
Each sixth of January, the Maroons have fun the signing of the peace treaty between the Maroons and the British Empire. Accompong City is a “nation inside a nation”, led by its personal elected group chief known as “colonel”, with no police, no crimes and no taxes to pay, this autonomous city is likely one of the off-the-beaten locations to see in Jamaica.
The celebration begins as they begin blowing their Abeng horn to name all of the Maroons, commemorating what they did nearly 300 years in the past. The Maroons can have a non-public ceremony to pay respect to their ancestors. The entire day is crammed with a great deal of music, dance and engaging Jamaican meals.
Music is the common language that everybody can perceive. A robust manner of expression to ship a message to all people. Jamaicans love music and it’s fairly evident from the works of Bob Marley and different well-known Jamaican music artists.
We went to Alpha Boys Faculty in Kingston, an establishment in Jamaican music. The alumni of this college turned pioneers and well-known artists within the music scene. Take a look at this superior Alpha Boys School Radio.
The Alpha Boys School is run by the nuns so any donations that you may share are additionally welcome and can certainly assist the younger Jamaican children to succeed in their goals.
Ska is a extremely popular music style from Jamaica within the 50s with a distinct sound of calypso and mento with a mix of rock, jazz and rhythm and blues. One of many identified artists on this style is Eddie Thornton, an alumnus of Alpha Boys Faculty. Listen to the sample of Ska music.
Rocksteady is one other precursor and affect of reggae music. Rocksteady is much less energetic in comparison with Ska. Additionally it is a combination of Jazz, Rhythm and Blues and a little bit of Latin and African affect. Listen to the sample of Rocksteady music.
The combination of Ska and Rocksteady is fashionable Reggae music. Reggae music took the world by storm, after all, by the king of Reggae music, Bob Marley. His highly effective songs affect many music lovers and are nonetheless cherished as much as this date. Listen to Bob Marley’s Reggae music.
On our go to to Jamaica, we didn’t get the possibility to go to Bob Marley’s mausoleum and birthplace in 9 Mile, St. Ann and in Hope Street, Kingston. This might be one other good excuse to come back again to Jamaica. Watch this documentary and learn more about Jamaican music.
I hope this helped you to grasp and appreciated the Jamaican tradition, traditions and heritage. In addition to impressed you to go to and uncover the fantastic thing about Jamaica.
Particular due to Lodge Mocking Chicken Hill (Shireen & Barbara) for organising our itinerary in Kingston. Altamont Court docket Lodge for our lodging in Kingston. Nice thanks and good vibes to Amilcar and Philip of Backayard Journal, Josh Chamberlain of Alpha Boys Faculty, Mitch of Rockers File Int’l, Life Yard, Olde Jamaica Excursions, Jessa Excursions, Mr Basil Smith and to Jik- Reuben for the superior pictures.